A great, essential discussion of True Grit that chews over the merits of Bridges vs. Wayne and whether the film betrays the lessons taught by Unforgiven. A must-read. (HND)
I think the Coens' film is more conflicted in its attitudes than the earlier film. Adam is right, I believe, that Hathaway's film is largely uncritical of the death penalty. Hathaway never questions Mattie's desire for revenge, and, as Adam points out, her adversary Chaney is such an underdeveloped caricature of pathetic evil that it's hard to feel even a twinge of sympathy for his death. I'm not entirely convinced it's a major problem—as you point out in that comment thread, it is after all a fair portrayal of the actual system of vigilante justice and eye-for-an-eye morality that ruled the Old West—but I agree that that's the political/moral subtext of the film. The Coens don't entirely repudiate that perspective, but they do critique and complicate it in some subtle ways. We've already discussed some of the scenes that complicate the film's attitude about capital punishment: notably the hanged man who becomes an object in the barter system, and Rooster's testimony about the men he's killed, with the implication that he's lying about the circumstances of the killings. Another important scene is the dark joke involving the last words of the three prisoners who Mattie sees hanged: the two white men get to speak at length before they're killed, but the Native American is abruptly cut off before he's able to say more than a couple of words. That's a pretty pointed comment directed at the racial inequities of the justice system, particularly surrounding the death penalty, which in modern America has always been disproportionately applied to racial minorities.